Cotton Fabric Weaves 101

A woman is sitting on a bed with a sheet covering her body and holding it up to her face.

When it comes to cotton bedding, there are a few different weave options that you might come across: sateen, percale, Jersey, and twill. So what's the difference between them? And which one is best for you? In this blog post, we will break down each type of weave and explain what makes them unique. By the end, you'll be able to choose the perfect weave for your bedding needs!

So, What Are the Different Types of Cotton Weaves?

When it comes to cotton fabrics, there are four major types of weave: sateen, percale, jersey, and twill. All four weaves offer different benefits that can make your sleeping experience more enjoyable.




Sateen is a weave that is known for being smooth and silky to the touch. It's made with a higher number of yarns than other weaves, which gives it a luxurious feel. If you're looking for bedding that will make you feel like you're sleeping in a five-star hotel, sateen is the weave for you.




Percale is a more traditional weave that is known for being lightweight and crisp. It's made with a lower number of yarns than sateen, which gives it a more breathable feel. If you tend to get hot at night, percale bedding can help you stay cool and comfortable.




Jersey is a knit fabric that is often used for t-shirts and other casual apparel. However, it can also be used for bedding. Jersey tends to be more affordable than sateen or percale, but it does not wear as well. If you're looking for bedding on a budget, jersey is a good option.




Twill is a sturdy weave that is known for being durable and long-lasting. It's made with a higher number of yarns than percale, which gives it a heavier feel. If you're looking for bedding that will stand up to years of use, twill is the weave for you.

Now, let's dig into each of these a bit more...

Luxurious, Silky Sateen Weave

Sateen is a type of weave that is typically made from cotton. It is characterized by its smooth, silky surface and lustrous finish, as well as its drape. The sateen weave is made by interlacing the warp and weft threads in a particular way.

The threads are first woven together in a basic over-under pattern. Then, the weft thread is passed over multiple warp threads before being woven under the next warp thread. This process is repeated until the fabric is complete.

As a result of this weaving method, sateen fabric has a higher number of long floats on the surface than other types of fabric. These floats create a subtle sheen that gives sateen a luxurious appearance.

In addition to its visual appeal, sateen bedding is also prized for its comfort. The smooth surface feels great against your skin, and the fabric is known for being exceptionally soft. If you're looking for bedding that looks and feels amazing, sateen sheets are a perfect choice!


Satin sheet on the left and sateen sheet on the right.



No! Satin and sateen are two different fabrics that are often used in linens. Both fabrics have a smooth, glossy surface, but there are some key differences between them. Satin weave is made from silk or synthetic fibers, while sateen weave is made from cotton.

As a result, satin is typically more expensive and has a more luxurious feel. Satin is also more durable than sateen and wrinkle-resistant, as it is made from long-staple fibers. Sateen is made from short-staple cotton fibers, and is softer and more absorbent, making it a better choice for towels and bedding.


A modern bedroom with a white flat sheet draped over the the bed. Two pillowcases with pillows inside are at the top of the bed. A plant is next to the bed. Sun is shining in the bedroom through the white curtains.


Crisp, Cool Plain Weave of Percale

Percale is a type of plain weave often used for bedding. It's made by threading the warp threads (the lengthwise threads) over and under the weft threads (the crosswise threads), then repeating this process in the opposite direction. As a result, the crisp fabric has a cool feel that makes it perfect for hot summer nights.

Cotton percale sheets are especially popular because they're breathable and durable. Additionally, percale sheets tend to be less expensive than other types of bedding, making them a great option for budget-conscious shoppers.

Whether you're looking for a way to stay cool during the summer or you're just trying to save some money, percale bed sheets are a great choice.


Close up of a top sheet folded back over a white comforter on a bed. The edge of a white pillowcase is visible.


Soft and Stretchy Jersey Knit

Cotton jersey is a type of fabric that has a soft, stretchy feel, making it perfect for snuggling up in on cold winter days. The jersey weave is made by interlocking two sets of yarns - one set running vertically, and the other set running horizontally. This creates a strong fabric that still has a bit of give to it. As a result, jersey is often used for bedding and clothing items like t-shirts.

Jersey sheets are especially popular because they are so comfortable to sleep in. They tend to stay cool in the summer and warm in the winter, making them ideal for use all year round. jersey is also very easy to care for - it can be machine washed and dried without any special care.

Sturdy, Heavyweight Twill

Twill is a sturdy weave that is often used for bedding and denim. The twill weave is made by passing the weft over two or more warp threads. This creates a diagonal pattern on the fabric, which is then repeated on the other side. Cotton twill sheets are particularly popular because they are durable.

Denim is also made from twill, and it is known for its strength and resilience. Twill is an excellent choice for fabrics that will see a lot of wear and tear, as it is less likely to tear or fray than other types of fabric.


There are several types of cotton weaves that can be used for bedding, each with unique characteristics. Sateen is a luxurious weave that has a silky smooth surface. Percale is a crisp, cool weave that is perfect for hot summer nights. Jersey is a soft, stretchy fabric that is often used for clothing like t-shirts. Twill is a sturdy, heavyweight fabric that is perfect for denim and other items that will see a lot of wear and tear.

When it comes to choosing the right weave for your bedding, it's important to consider both your personal preferences and the climate in which you live. If you live in a hot climate, you might want to choose a cooler fabric like percale or jersey. If you live in a cold climate, you might want to choose a warmer fabric like twill.

Ultimately, the best weave for your bedding is the one that you find most comfortable and that meets your needs. Experiment with different weaves until you find the perfect one for you!

Your One-Stop Shop for Organic Cotton Bedding

Here at Bare Home, we believe that organic cotton is the way to go when it comes to bedding. Not only is organic cotton grown without the use of harmful pesticides and chemicals, but it is also incredibly soft and sustainable. Our organic cotton sheets are made from 100% organic cotton and are available in a variety of colors and sizes.

In addition, we also offer organic cotton duvet cover sets. All of our organic bedding is designed to provide you with a safe and comfortable sleep environment. So if you're looking for affordable organic, Bare Home is the place to be!